Glossary for Parents
Searching for information? Want an explanation? Need clarification?
Look no further than Rainbow Schools at a Glance: A Glossary for Parents.
This is another step in our efforts to provide parents with a better understanding of the school system. It contains brief descriptions of the many programs and services available in Rainbow Schools.
Age 17 to 20 Years
This program is being offered in partnership with Cambrian College. This school within a college supports students ages 17 to 20 who would benefit from a small class learning environment and who have not been successful in a regular secondary school. The setting, with a small class size and individualized curriculum, will focus on programming designed to meet student needs. Students will earn credits, build social skills, and develop links to community college programs including Dual Credits. Students will also have access to Youth Employment Services, giving them an opportunity to explore pathways to work, apprenticeship, college and university. The program will encourage students to stay in school or find viable employment. Students can obtain more information about this program by contacting Principal Maureen McNamara at 705-566-2302.
Age 14 to 16 Years
school within a college, students ages 14 to 16 who have not been
successful in a regular secondary school will benefit from a small class
learning environment. Students will have an opportunity to develop
personal, interpersonal and academic skills. The non-traditional,
structured program will support students and encourage them to make
positive life choices. The ultimate goal is to enable students to
develop the skills that will allow them to reintegrate into their home
school to complete their studies. Students in Rainbow District School
Board can obtain more information about this program through their home
This program gives students in Grades 6 to 8
an opportunity to develop
the personal, interpersonal and academic skills that, in the past, have
prevented them from succeeding in a regular school program. Student
attendance, with consistent participation, is a primary goal of the
program. Teacher instruction will focus on improving language,
mathematics and learning strategies. Students will develop appropriate
behaviour and life skills, including responsibility, positive attitudes
and respect for self and others, that will lead to their re-integration
into regular academic programs. To learn more, please call 705-674-1221.
Arts Education Program
Sudbury Secondary School's extensive Arts Education Program allows students to study drama, visual arts, film studies, vocal music, instrumental music and dance. Students in this program also learn to build important life skills including self-confidence, discipline and teamwork.
Seamless entry from child care into school gives children the best start. Contact the Rainbow school nearest you to find out more about child care programs being offered at area public schools, including before and after school programs and JK alternative programs.
An integral part of the curriculum in Rainbow Schools, character education builds good citizens, encouraging students to become positive and productive members of our global society. Character education complements the Board's Discipline Policy, which promotes respect, responsibility, honesty, teamwork, fairness and more.
Rainbow District School Board offers free credit courses to any students over 19 years of age and who have been out of high school for at least one semester. Students enrolled in Night School or Adult Education can earn two high school credits in approximately six weeks.
In the Co-operative Education program secondary students divide their time between the school and the workplace, spending at least half the day with an employer in the community. Co-operative education prepares students for the challenges of tomorrow and enables employers to help develop the workforce of the future.
Offered daily as part of the regular English program in Rainbow Schools, Core French develops basic communication skills in French and an understanding of the nature of the language. The Core French program offers students a valuable educational experience and the opportunity to develop a basic usable command of the French language that can be expanded through further study or contact with French-speaking people.
Director of Education
As the administrative leader of the Board, the Director of Education is responsible for advising the Board on policy and operational matters and ensuring effective and efficient operation of all school board business. The Director also ensures that the Ontario curriculum and related policies are implemented.
Education Quality and Accountability Office (EQAO)
An arm's-length agency of the provincial government, EQAO provides parents, teachers and the public with information about student achievement. EQAO also makes recommendations for improvement that educators, parents, policy-makers and others in the education community can use to improve learning and teaching.
English Program (EP)
The English Program is exclusively in English and includes a Core French component. Students study basic French for a limited period of time daily.
French Immersion (FI)
French Immersion, which provides a balance of English and French classroom instruction in Rainbow Schools, immerses students in the French language, including cultural experiences. The French Immersion program provides students with the skills they need to communicate in a second language and thereby to enhance their ability to perform effectively and meet with success in a rapidly changing global economy.
Identification, Placement and Review Committee (IPRC)
The Identification, Placement and Review Committee (IPRC) determines if a student should be identified as an exceptional pupil, and, if so, the placement that will best meet the students needs. Once identified as an exceptional pupil, an IPRC review meeting takes place annually. Additional IPRCs can be scheduled upon the request of the school or the parent/guardian after the placement has been in effect for a period of three months.
Individual Education Plan (IEP)
An Individual Education Plan is developed for each student who has been identified as exceptional by an Identification, Placement and Review Committee (IPRC) within 30 school days of the students placement in a special education program. The IEP is reviewed and updated annually at the beginning of each school year.
An IEP is a written plan. It is a working document that describes the strengths, needs and the specific educational expectations of an exceptional pupil. It outlines the special education program and services required to meet that students needs, and how the program and services will be delivered. It also indicates how a students progress will be monitored.
International Baccalaureate Program (IB)
This internationally recognized two-year comprehensive program encourages critical thinking and research skills and promotes service as part of the learning process. The IB program is available at Lo-Ellen Park Secondary School to all students who have the required commitment, ability, interest and time to devote to the program.
Junior and Senior Kindergarten
The Rainbow District School Board's Junior and Senior Kindergarten programs allow children to participate in activity centres where they are encouraged to explore and solve problems in groups or on their own. Children enrolled in JK and SK programs also have the opportunity to socialize, develop motor skills, understand spoken and written words and grasp number concepts.
The Early Learning Program was introduced in six Rainbow Schools in September 2010 and three in September 2011. By September 2015, all schools will offer the program. Early Learning was developed by the Ministry of Education to give students the best start in learning and life with seamless entry from childcare to school. Through play-based learning and small group instruction, children develop a strong foundation for learning in all areas, including language and math, engage in healthy physical activities and the arts, and develop socially and emotionally through interaction with their peers and the educators who guide them.
Ontario College of Teachers (OCT)
The Ontario College of Teachers (OCT) allows teachers to regulate and govern their own profession in the public interest. Teachers who want to work in publicly funded schools in Ontario must be certified to teach in the province and be members of the College.
Ontario Federation of Home and School Associations (OFHSA)
The OFHSA is a not-for-profit organization representing parents from across the province. The aim of the Ontario Federation of Home and School Associations is to improve the education system through voluntary parental involvement.
Ontario Provincial Education Network (OPEN)
The Ontario Provincial Education Network (OPEN) is a service of the Ministry of Education, where parents can sign up to receive information about education. Through OPEN, parents can provide input on educational developments, policies and events.
Ontario Public School Boards Association (OPSBA)
The Ontario Public School Boards' Association (OPSBA) represents district school boards and school authorities, serving more than 1.2 million public elementary and secondary students and more than a half-million adult learners across the province. The OPSBA advocates on behalf of the public school system in Ontario, representing their best interests and needs.
Ontario School Boards' Insurance and Exchange (OSBIE)
A not-for-profit insurance program, the Ontario School Boards' Insurance and Exchange represents 89 per cent of the school boards in Ontario. OSBIE insures member school boards against losses and promotes safe school practices.
Ontario Secondary School Diploma (OSSD)
The Ontario Secondary School Diploma is based on a credit system. Secondary students must earn a total of 30 credits in order to graduate with an OSSD. Eighteen of the credits are compulsory. The remaining 12 credits are optional. Students can select from a full range of courses offered.
Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test (OSSLT)
The Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test is a graduation requirement administered by the Education Quality and Accountability Office (EQAO). The test assesses the reading and writing skills that students are expected to have learned in all subjects by the end of Grade 9, as outlined in the Ontario Curriculum.
Ontario Youth Apprenticeship Program (OYAP)
This program gives students in Grades 11 and 12 an opportunity to begin a career in a skilled trade while attending secondary school. The program is designed to introduce students to a career path that will lead to a skilled trade, provide an opportunity to develop trade related competencies and encourage an early start to a well-paid and satisfying career.
Parent Involvement Committee (PIC)
The Parent Involvement Committee provides a forum for School Council representatives in Rainbow Schools to network, share ideas and provide input. Each School Council appoints a parent member to attend a minimum of one PIC meeting during the school year.
Principals are responsible for the organization and management of individual schools, including the management of the budget assigned to the school by the school board. They are also responsible for the quality of instruction at their schools and for student discipline.
The Rainbow District School Board's Reconnect Program gives students who are short of secondary school credits an opportunity to reconnect to school and open doors for their future.
Roots of Empathy
Delivered in partnership with Our Children, Our Future, Roots of Empathy is a character education program offered in the Rainbow District School Board's elementary schools. Elementary classes in Rainbow Schools "adopt" a baby who visits the classroom, along with his or her parent and a trained Roots of Empathy instructor, once a month for a full school year. A number of themes are explored, including meet the baby, crying, caring and planning for the baby.
School Board Policies and Operational Procedures
The Rainbow District School Board, in accordance with provincial laws and school board precautions has implemented a number of board-wide policies and operational procedures.
School Board Trustees
School Board trustees are members of the community elected to direct the delivery of education in the schools of their board.
Made up of parents, educators and community members, School Councils serve in an advisory capacity to the school principal and the Board to promote continued excellence in education, placing the overall interest of students first.
School of Integrated Technology
Located at Lively District Secondary School, this program offers enriched and specialized four-year and two-year programs combining science, mathematics, computer science and technology.
Science Technology Education Program (STEP)
Lockerby Composite Schools Science Technology Education Program (STEP) is designed for students with an interest in business, science, health, medicine or engineering. With a focus on math, science and technology, STEP keeps pace with the latest trends in science and technology through its laptop learning, tele-robotics, genetics and forensics components.
Special Education Advisory Committee (SEAC)
The Special Education Advisory Committee advises the Rainbow District School Board on matters related to special education. Committee members include two Board trustees as well as volunteer representatives from parent and community associations.
Special Education Services
The Rainbow District School Board provides a range of specialized services to support teachers, parents and exceptional students through consultations, system screening activities, assessments and direct instructional support.
Student Success Initiative (SSI)
The Student Success Initiative for students in Grades 7 to 12 builds and enhances opportunities for success based on each student's interests, abilities and choices. SSI focuses on four pillars - literacy, mathematical literacy, program pathways (independent living, work, apprenticeship, college and university) and community, culture and caring.
Sudbury Student Services Consortium
Working in partnership with the four area school boards, the Sudbury
Student Services Consortium oversees the transportation of close to
22,000 students on 400 buses daily in the Greater Sudbury area, Espanola
Superintendent of Schools
Appointed by a school board, a superintendent is responsible for the operation of schools and programs within a specified geographic area under the jurisdiction of the board. A superintendent also addresses the concerns of parents, students, educators, trustees and administrative board staff.
The Education Act
The Act sets out the duties of the various persons or entities responsible for the delivery of education in Ontario. The Minister of Education is responsible for the administration of the Education Act.
The Minister of Education
Appointed by the Premier, the Minister of Education represents the interests of the ministry at the provincial cabinet. The Minister determines the general direction for education policy in Ontario.
The Ministry of Education
The Ministry of Education administers publicly funded elementary and secondary school education in Ontario. Under the guidance of the Minister, the Ministry of Education administers the Education Act and any regulations that govern education.
The Municipal Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act
This legislation enables individuals to request access to personal information and general records under the control of institutions covered by the Act, including school boards. The Act also sets out guidelines to protect the privacy of individuals.
Students can complete secondary school credit courses online at thevirtualschool.ca, which connects students and teachers. This interactive, highly-customized, student-focused learning integrates technology with Ontario Ministry of Education course guidelines.