Ontario Youth Apprenticeship Program

Apprenticeship (OYAP)

Welcome to the World of Trades!

This page is a celebration of OYAP success… Past, Present and Future.

The people profiled in this web page are OYAP ambassadors. They have the brains and they have the brawn and they love what they do! They will tell you what it really means to enter a skilled trade as a young apprentice.

These are the young people who build our homes, maintain our vehicles and provide important services and much more. These young people are our future gold collar professionals.

Without young vital apprentices entering skilled trades the industry’s productivity and bottom line will undoubtedly suffer. Young people play an important role in ensuring our economy thrives and the wheels of industry continue to turn.

Join us on their journey as we explore the exciting world of skilled trades. From heavy duty equipment technicians to air craft maintenance engineers, the opportunities are endless for young people who are interested in challenge, variety, job security and upward mobility.

Because of their training through OYAP, they can look forward to a myriad of possibilities…from staying in the trade to management positions, business ownership or careers in teaching. Many will decide to enhance their certifications. Others will pursue post secondary education…The sky’s the limit for these bright young people.

This page provides information about OYAP, apprenticeship training, financial support to employers and valuable links and resources in support of apprenticeship careers for youth. Learn about OYAP as a viable program pathway for secondary school students interested in pursuing the trades.

Building a Career in the Trades is intended to:

  • Provide young people with valuable resources and information about the Ontario Youth Apprenticeship Program.
  • Inform young people, educators, employers and parents about career pathways in the skilled trades.
  • Encourage secondary school students to consider the skilled trades as a viable career destination.
  • Provide young people with role models who have successfully entered the trades as apprentices through the Ontario Youth Apprenticeship Program.
  • Provide a wealth of apprenticeship information of interest to educators, parents and employers.
  • Raise awareness of opportunities related to careers in the skilled trades.
  • Demonstrate the benefits of apprenticeship training and the viability of careers in the trades.

Service Providers

Below is a list of all service providers for the Sudbury, Espanola and Manitoulin Districts.

Sudbury Vocational Resource Centre (SVRC)
124 Cedar Street, 3rd Floor
Sudbury, ON P3E 1B4
Telephone: 705.671.2544

Gezhtoojig Employment & Training
117 Elm Street, Unit 102
Sudbury, ON P3C 1T3
Telephone: 705.524.6772

YMCA Employment Services
112-10 Elm Street (Rainbow Centre)
Sudbury, ON P3C 5N3
Telephone: 705.674.2324

Employment Options
1560 Lasalle Blvd, Unit F
Sudbury, ON P3A 1Z7
Telephone: 705.560.1562

Employment Options
3140-14 Hwy 69 North
Val Caron, ON P3N 1G3
Telephone: 70.897.5627

Employment Options
4764 21 Regional Road 15 (Bonaventure Mall)
Chelmsford, ON P0M 1L0
Telephone: 705. 855.1562

Employment Options
3140-14 Hwy 69 North
Val Caron, ON P3N 1G3
Telephone: 705.897.5627

Employment Options
91 Tudhope Street
Espanola, ON P5E 1S6
Telephone: 705. 869.4113

Employment Options
7 Water Street
PO Box 635
Little Current, ON P0P 1K0
Telephone: 705.368.3194


A Pathway to a Rewarding Career!

More than one third of Ontario’s certified tradespeople will be retiring within the next few years. Business and government predict serious shortages of qualified replacement workers. Shortages are already evident in a number of skilled trades.

The Ontario Youth Apprenticeship Program was introduced within the Rainbow District School Board high schools in an effort to provide senior students with an additional option to train as apprentices in the skilled trades.

What is OYAP?

OYAP is a youth apprenticeship program aimed at providing grade 11 and grade 12 students with opportunities to train as apprentices in a number of skilled occupations while completing studies toward an Ontario Secondary School Diploma.

Most important, OYAP strives to introduce senior high school students to skilled trades in an effort to increase youth apprenticeship opportunities.

OYAP partners with employers who are committed to offering apprenticeship opportunities to students who demonstrate an aptitude and interest in skilled occupations through work experience placements.

OYAP meets the objectives of secondary school reform by providing secondary school students with a school to work transition program.

Consider the following realities:

  • Apprenticeship training provides young people with access to well paying jobs that demand high levels of skills, good judgement and creativity.
  • The need for skilled tradespeople will continue to increase.
  • Many skilled tradespeople use their trade as a stepping stone toward careers in management while others go into business for themselves.

Why should young people consider becoming an apprentice?

OYAP can provide senior high school students with a significant head start in a skilled trade. OYAP students have the potential to secure a certificate of apprenticeship, a certificate of qualification and earning power at an early age. The national average age of an apprentice is twenty six. Through OYAP students are able to accelerate their career path by several years.

Many students from the Rainbow District School Board are officially registered as apprentices with the Ministry of Advanced Education and Skills Development (MAESD) at age eighteen. These students are in a position to complete their apprenticeship training and acquire journeyperson status by age twenty three.

Through OYAP students can:

  • Begin a skilled trade as an apprentice
  • Develop trade related competencies and collect hours toward a skilled trade
  • Earn co-op credits toward a high school diploma
  • Increase opportunities for employment and post secondary education
  • Enrich school courses through related trade experience
  • Have the potential to earn while they learn

Students who enroll in OYAP benefit in several ways while in high school.

OYAP increases a student’s options!  Students can either register as apprentices or use the OYAP Program as a pathway toward a post secondary education.  Regardless of their choice OYAP provides students with a win-win situation.

OYAP can make it easier for a young person to enter the skilled trades . . . at an early age!

Why should parents consider OYAP?

It takes an average of two to five years to complete an apprenticeship program. In comparison, it takes three to four years to complete a university undergraduate program and two to three years to complete a college program.

Apprenticeship training is an ‘earn while you learn’ and cost-effective option to the traditional university or community college route. Since apprentices earn while they learn they are in a position to increase their earning power at an early age while substantially reducing education costs.

Between 80 to 90 per cent of apprenticeship training takes place on the job. This means about 10 to 20 per cent takes place at a community college or other approved delivery agent. Currently the Ministry of Advanced Education and Skills Development purchases seats for in-school training at little cost to the apprentice. These seats are purchased either on a block release or day release basis which means the apprentice does not incur high education costs and does not lose wages for extended periods. Graduates who have participated in the OYAP option may begin their in-school training sooner. In some cases senior high school students begin in-school training in addition to their high school program and work experience placements through the School College Work Initiative Dual Credt Program offered at Cambrian College.

Did you know?

In the next two decades, 40 percent of new jobs will be in skilled trades and technologies. In 1998 that number was less than 20 percent.

Many more people in the skilled trades are retiring than are entering the system. This is cause for alarm. It is projected industry will experience serious skilled shortages as a result of the low numbers of young people entering the skilled trades.

According to Skills Canada, many skilled tradespeople make six-figure incomes with excellent benefits.

On average many skilled tradespeople make more than $20.00 hour and more than $40,000 annually.

Today’s skilled tradespeople are in demand, are well respected and are essential and important contributors to our economy.

Myth vs. Reality!

MYTH: Skilled trades jobs are boring and repetitive.

REALITY: People in skilled trades jobs work with some of the most up-to-date and sophisticated equipment available; they constantly work on new and exciting projects; they need to be smart and adaptable.

MYTH: Skilled trades jobs are low paying.

REALITY: Most people who work in the skilled trades earn average or better-than-average salaries. Indeed, many make better-than-average salaries, some in excess of $100,000 a year. Many skilled trades people are entrepreneurs working for themselves with freedom that is unattainable in most fields.

MYTH: Apprenticeship training is not equal to a post secondary education.

REALITY: Apprenticeship = Education. Skilled tradespeople benefit from in-school training offered at a community college as well as valuable on the job training in the workplace. The skills acquired by apprentices are always in demand. In fact, skilled trades people form the foundation of our society. Without their expertise the wheels of industry would halt.

What types of skilled trades are available through OYAP?

There are more than 150 skilled trades under the Ontario College of Trades and Apprenticeship Act. Some of these include:

Alignment & Brakes Technician
Appliance Service Technician
Auto Body Repairer
Automotive Painter
Auto Service Technician
Child Development Practitioner
Electric Motor & Apparatus Rewinder
Electronic Service Technician & Repairer
Fitter Structural Steel Plate Worker
General Machinist
Hardware Information Technology Support Analyst
Heavy Duty Equipment Technician
Help Desk Information Technology Support Analyst
Industrial Mechanic Millwright
Motorcyle Mechanic
Network Information Technology Support Analyst
Network Cabling Specialist
Parts Person
Retail Meat Cutter
Small Engine Technician
Transmission Technician
Truck & Coach Technician
Welder Fitter/ Welder Operator
Carpenter – General Plumber
Construction Millwright
Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Mechanic
Brick & Stone Mason
Sheet Metal Worker

Student Eligibility

Students may be considered for OYAP if they are at least 16 years of age, in grade 11 or 12 and serious about learning a skilled trade.

How do students get involved?

Interested students are asked to meet with their guidance counsellor. All OYAP students must be registered with the cooperative education program to access the OYAP option. Each applicant is interviewed by the co-operative education teacher and employer. Those admitted to the program must follow co-operative education course requirements during their half day or full day work experience placements.

For more information:

Please call the OYAP office at 705.688.0888 or email or contact your high school’s guidance counsellor or cooperative education teacher.

OYAP is funded by the Ministry of Advanced Education and Skills Development and meets Ministry of Education requirements.


Under the Ontario Youth Apprenticeship Program students are provided with the opportunity to complete the following certifications.

These certifications are recognized by Industry:

Working at Heights – NORCAT – Northern Centre for Advanced Technology Inc.

Young Employee Safety Training Certification – NORCAT – Northern Centre for Advanced Technology Inc.

WHMIS Certification – NORCAT – Northern Centre for Advanced Technology Inc.

Other certifications as required by the co-op placement.

For more information contact the Co-op/OYAP Office at 705.688.0888.

Best Practices

The success of the OYAP Program depends to a great extent on the quality of the work experience placement, employer support, commitment from students and the support and guidance of school administrators, counsellors, teachers and parents. The following is intended as a guideline in our efforts to increase OYAP services and opportunities for students interested in the skilled trades. Reference has been made to the Co-operative Education and Other Forms of Experiential Learning Policies and Procedures for Ontario Secondary School, 2000 Document.

Best Practices for Co-op

Co-op teachers are encouraged to:

  • Provide the OYAP coordinator with the names of all students in work experience placements related to the skilled trades
  • Provide the OYAP coordinator with Work Education Agreements and OYAP participant applications at the beginning of the semester
  • Advise the OYAP coordinator of the names of student who have the potential to register as apprentices. Note: Registration as an apprentice is not automatic
  • Incorporate components of the training standard or schedule of training into the personalized placement learning plan (PPLP)
  • Ensure OYAP students receive trade specific safety training
  • Ensure OYAP students refer to the training standard or schedule of training during an integration day

The OYAP coordinator works in partnership with the co-operative education teacher and is available to provide support at the request of the co-operative education teacher.

Best Practices for Employers

The employer is asked to provide the OYAP student with:

  • Work orientation including specific workplace safety training
  • A well-rounded practical trade experience
  • A safe working and learning environment
  • Fair and equitable treatment
  • A qualified employee (journey person) who works closely with the co-op teacher in the training, supervision and evaluation of OYAP students during the work experience component

Best Practices for Journey Persons

The journey person is asked to provide the OYAP student with:

  • Appropriate supervision
  • Clear expectations
  • Practical trade experience through the sharing of his or her expertise
  • A breakdown of tasks into manageable components
  • Constructive feedback and recognition of a student’s progress

Best Practices for OYAP Students

The OYAP student is expected to:

  • Meet all of the requirements of the co-operative education program
  • Learn what is involved in the trade
  • Know what tools are required for the trade
  • Become familiar with and exercise safe work practices
  • Show initiative
  • Learn and apply skills to the best of his or her ability
  • Be conscientious and reliable
  • Practice good attendance
  • Accept constructive criticism as a learning experience
  • Demonstrate interest and ask questions related to the trade
  • Conscientiously record details and time spent on tasks
  • Take responsibility to enhance career awareness
  • Participate as a team member
  • Inform the supervisor and co-op teacher if he or she is unable to report to the work experience placement

How to Enroll

Key Points

Students who are interested in exploring skilled trades or registering as apprentices are asked to speak with their guidance counsellor or co-op education teacher for general information.

Students must first gain acceptance into the co-operative education program in order to access the OYAP option. Students who are placed in work experience placements in the skilled trades automatically fall under the OYAP option. Registration as an apprentice is not automatic. Students must demonstrate readiness.

OYAP involves two levels:

Level one:
Exploration. Students explore the trades during a work experience placement.

Level two:
Registration as an apprentice with the Ministry of Advanced Education and Skills Development.

Level two is not a given. Registration as an apprentice is not automatic. Students who proceed to step two must be recognized as having the qualities to officially begin an apprenticeship program while in high school.

Students are assessed by their co-operative education teacher in consultation with the employer (supervisor) throughout the semester to determine their suitability to officially register as an apprentice.

Students who demonstrate an ability and interest in pursuing a skilled trade may be considered for official registration as apprentices. The OYAP coordinator will make arrangements with the Ministry of Advanced Education and Skills Development (MAESD) – Apprenticeship Branch and with the employer to officially register the student.

A consultation between the co-op teacher and the OYAP coordinator is required to identify suitable students for official registration as apprentices.

Students enrolled in the OYAP option must meet the requirements of the Co-operative Education Policies and Procedures.


Students must:

  • Be 16 years of age
  • Have completed grade ten (16 credits)
  • Demonstrate an interest and aptitude in a skilled trade
  • Have some related course background in their trade of interest

A student’s suitability for the OYAP option is assessed on an individual basis with input from guidance counsellors, co-op teachers and subject teachers.


The co-op teacher conducts an interview with the student to determine the student’s suitability for OYAP. The OYAP co-ordinator is available to meet with the student to provide OYAP and apprenticeship information.


The enrolment of an OYAP student to co-operative education is determined by the guidance counsellor in consultation with the co-operative education teacher.


Each OYAP student is required to successfully complete an interview with an employer as per the requirements of the co-operative education program to secure a work experience placement in a skilled trade.


Follow-ups, monitors and evaluations are conducted by the co-op teacher. The OYAP co-ordinator will liaise with the co-op teacher and the employer in an effort to identify apprenticeship opportunities.

The OYAP coordinator is responsible for initiating the apprenticeship registration process with the Ministry of Advanced Education and Skills Development. In addition, the OYAP coordinator is available to meet with the co-op teacher and OYAP student and/or employer to provide apprenticeship related information.

Secondary School Schedules

The OYAP option is delivered at various high schools throughout the Rainbow District School Board. OYAP work experience placements are offered in line with the co-operative education program timetable.

OYAP is offered on a half or full day basis in semester one and semester two and during summer co-op. Schedules may differ from school to school.

Apprenticeship Registration with the Ministry of Advanced Education and Skills Development – Apprenticeship Branch

Employers who wish to officially register OYAP students as apprentices are requested to meet with the Ministry of Advanced Education and Skills Development. This meeting is organized by the OYAP coordinator and involves the student, employer and Ministry Training consultant. Parents may attend this session. Arrangements will be made for their participation.

A Ministry Training Agreement/Contract of Apprenticeship, Sponsor Agreement and Application for Apprenticeship must be signed by the employer, student/apprentice and Ministry Training consultant. Students under age 18 must secure parental consent on the Application for Apprenticeship Training Agreement/Contract of Apprenticeship. During the sign-up meeting the Training Consultant will thoroughly review the details of the apprenticeship program. In addition, the student is required to register with the Ontario College of Trades (fee exempt). Membership applications are provided only to those students who register as apprentices.

Once the student is registered as an apprentice, he or she will receive a wallet card from the OCT. The OYAP apprentice can access official training standard or schedule of training from the Ontario College of Trades.

The apprentice and employer are expected to follow the training standard or schedule of training. In addition, the student’s personalized placement learning plan (PPLP) must reflect the components of the training standard or schedule of training.

Skills learned by the apprentice are recorded and signed off by the employer (supervisor).

OYAP students may be provided with additional support from the OYAP budget to further enhance their training. Support may include, work boots, coveralls. Co-op teachers are invited to contact the OYAP coordinator for additional details.

Eligibility Criteria

OYAP student eligibility:

Students who are at least 16 years of age, in Grade 11 or 12 and interested in learning a skilled trade may qualify for OYAP option.

Students should also have some course related background in the area of their trade interest (for example:  technological studies, family studies or computer related courses).

Students under 18 years of age must have parental consent to participate in OYAP.

Students who participate in OYAP may:

  • Enrich school courses through related work experience placements
  • Have the potential to begin a career in a skilled trade while in high school
  • Have the potential to register as an apprentice with the Ministry of Advanced Education and Skills Development if approved for an apprenticeship
  • Learn apprenticeship hours while working toward an OSSD
  • Establish important contacts with employers while in high school
  • Increase employment opportunities for part-time and summer employment while in high school and for full-time employment after graduation
  • Increase earning power at an early age
  • Reduce apprenticeship time after high school graduation
  • Work toward acquiring a Certificate of Apprenticeship and a Certificate of Qualification well ahead of the national average

Co-operative education students who are placed in work experience placements related to a skilled trade are identified as OYAP students.

Enrolment under the OYAP option will ensure additional resources and support systems are made available to students who may potentially register with the Ministry of Advanced Education and Skills Development officially as apprentices. In an effort to ensure students receive comprehensive support, the OYAP coordinator requires the names of these students at the beginning of each semester.

Frequently Asked Questions

How does the OYAP option differ from regular co-op?

OYAP is a specialization of cooperative education with a focus on providing co-op students with work experience placements in the skilled trades.

Students in a skilled trade placement fall under the OYAP option of cooperative education.

Who qualifies for OYAP?

Students who are at least 16 years of age, with sixteen credits can be considered for the OYAP option of cooperative education.

Who are the best candidates for the OYAP option?

Students who demonstrate a career interest in a skilled trade, are hands-on learners and have an aptitude in the skilled trades are good candidates for the OYAP option.

How does a student enrol in the OYAP option?

Students interested in OYAP are required to enroll in cooperative education.  Students who are in placements in the skilled trades are recognized by the Ministry of Advanced Education and Skills Development as students in the OYAP option. Students are required to complete an OYAP Participant Application Form and are entered in to the Ministry database for follow-up.

How many OYAP work experience placements can a student participate in?

Since OYAP has a long term focus students are encouraged to take more than one co-op course over a two year period.  Additional placements increase the opportunity for registration as an apprentice and enable the student/apprentice to achieve additional skills and hours toward journey person status.

When are students registered as apprentices?

Students can be officially registered as apprentices at any time during their work experience placement. Once they demonstrate an interest and aptitude for a skilled trade, and the employer is agreeable, arrangements are made with the Ministry of Advanced Education and Skills Development. It is advantageous to register students as apprentices while they are in high school. Approximately 25% of students enrolled in the OYAP option are registered as apprentices. Registration is not automatic.

Why register students as apprentices while they are in high school?

It is not easy for young people to find apprenticeship opportunities without a support system.   Once they have graduated they are on their own.  Students who wait until they have graduated from high school often experience difficulty finding apprenticeship opportunities.

Often they are not familiar with the process, where to go and who to approach.  With a Board wide support system in place through OYAP, high school students who are suited for an apprenticeship, receive the direction and support they need to begin an apprenticeship while they are in high school.

How does a student get signed on as an apprentice?

Co-op teachers and employers are vital in supporting OYAP and in identifying students who are suitable candidates for apprenticeship registration.

Once students are identified by the coop teacher as apprenticeship ready candidates, arrangements are made with  the Ministry of Advanced Education and Skills Development, employer and the student to sign Ministry documents.  These documents consist of an Application for Apprenticeship Training, Training Agreement and Sponsor Agreement and Membership Application to the Ontario College of Trades.

Students under the age of 18 must have these signed by a parent or guardian.

Will the apprenticeship continue once the student graduates from high school?

The intent of OYAP is to provide students with a stepping stone towards an apprenticeship with the hope of continuation.  However, continuation largely depends on the circumstances of the employer.   Students who do well have a distinct advantage over those who have not taken the OYAP option.  To encourage continuation a number of subsidies are available for employers who wish to retain the apprentice after high school graduation.

What is the credit value of an OYAP work experience placement?

Students can take a two credit coop which is a half day work experience placement or a four credit full day work experience placement.  In addition, summer school offers students the opportunity to complete credits.  Summer co-op allows students who are registered as apprentices to continue to accumulate hours and skills toward their trade.

Is additional support available for students in the OYAP option?

The OYAP program provides support and vocational information for students interested in pursuing the skilled trades. This may include support for the purchase of safety boots, safety glasses, exemption from paying registration fees to the Ontario College of Trades, participation in Skills Ontario competitions, copies of training standards, additional certifications, etc.

What are the main advantages of participating in the OYAP option?

OYAP students have a definite advantage. Students are provided with enriched work experience placements and resources that can help them begin a career in the skilled trades as an apprentice. Many students secure part time jobs after school hours, during the weekends or during the summer months.  While working, registered apprentices continue to develop skills and accumulate hours toward a skilled trade.

Specifically, the OYAP option allows students to officially register as apprentices while they are in high school, resulting in a considerable acceleration toward journey person status at a young age.  For example, students who are signed on as apprentices while in high school, assuming they continue their apprenticeship after high school graduation, become qualified journey persons eight to ten years ahead of their peers. Many coop students in the OYAP option become qualified journey persons by age 23. This is significant given that the average age of an apprentice in Ontario is between 26 – 28 years while the average age of an OYAP apprentice is 18. Approximately 25% of students in the OYAP option are registered as apprentices while in high school.

Must apprentices complete a college post secondary program?

Students who take the apprenticeship route through OYAP are not required to complete a college post diploma secondary program. Registered apprentices are provided with the opportunity to attend in-school training at a college (trade school) or approved training delivery agent after graduation. This is available as either a day release or a block release program.  In-school training is subsidized by the Ministry of Advanced Education and Skills Development.

What is in-school training and how can co-op students in the OYAP option participate?

In-school training is the theoretical component of an apprenticeship program and usually takes place after high school graduation. The financial value of in-school training is approximately $3,000 per apprentice per level, a portion paid by the Ministry of Advanced Education and Skills Development.

The apprentice is required to pay $400 – $600 for each level of in-school training.

Since apprentices earn while they learn, subsidized in-school training is cost effective in comparison to paying regular college tuition fees.  Student/apprentices who wish to pursue a college post secondary school diploma in addition to apprenticeship training can benefit by taking both.

How does a Training Standard benefit a co-op student in the OYAP option?

Registered apprentices in the OYAP option are provided with a Training Standard related to their trade. Apprentices refer to the Training Standard during their placements. Skill sets are signed off by the employer once the apprentice can demonstrate proficiency.

What if a student in the OYAP option wants to enroll in a college post secondary program?

No doors are closed to OYAP students. If they are registered as apprentices while in high school and they wish attend a community college post secondary school diploma after graduation, they can put their apprenticeship on hold.  Once they graduate from college they can resume their apprenticeship.

Is it acceptable to place a student in the OYAP option with their parents or relatives during work experience placements?

Yes, it is acceptable to place students with a parent or relative under the OYAP option if they are qualified journey persons.  This arrangement nicely supports succession planning, in situations where the parent or relative owns the business.

Can students in the OYAP option receive pay during school hours?

Yes, students receiving coop credits in the OYAP option can receive pay during school hours in addition to coop credits.  However, the employer must assume WSIB responsibility.

If a student wishes to take the OYAP option but this poses a time table conflict, can the school accommodate the student?

Students are assessed on an individual basis. It is important to accommodate the student’s learning style to increase the likelihood of graduation.  Students who are hands on learners tend to better grasp math, English and science as a result of being in a work experience placement.  Flexibility in time tabling is often beneficial to the student.

What level of education is required to go into the skilled trades?

A majority of the skilled trades require a grade 12 diploma.  The exception is with skilled trades in the construction industry.  The OYAP program enables high school students to begin their apprenticeship training while working toward an Ontario Secondary School Diploma.  This is an agreement with the Ministry of Advanced Education and Skills Development.

What level of math, English and science is required to pursue an apprenticeship?

MTCU is concerned primarily with ensuring that the apprentice has either completed the requirements for a secondary school diploma or is working toward a diploma. However, senior math and science is recommended.

Trade Definitions


Apprenticeship is a hands-on training program for people who want to work in a skilled trade. Between 80-90 percent of an apprentice’s time is spent in on-the-job training, while ten to 20 percent involves theoretical training acquired at a community college or at an approved training delivery agency. Apprentices work under the direction of a qualified employer. Over time, apprentices acquire the skills to become qualified trades people or journey persons. Apprenticeship training is based on standards developed by industry and endorsed by the Ministry and OCT.

Apprentices are provided with a training standard or schedule of training which outlines the specific skills an apprentice must acquire. An apprentice becomes a skilled worker with certification status once the training requirements of the training standard and curriculum standard have been completed.

Apprentices pay a small classroom fee ($400 – $600 per component) for in-school training (trade school). Participating OYAP students are exempt from the fee while in high school.

Apprenticeship Contract/Training Agreement

An agreement issued by the Ministry of Advanced Education and Skills Development between an employer/sponsor and an apprentice stipulating the terms and conditions of an apprentice’s apprenticeship.

Apprenticeship Office

The Ministry of Advanced Education and Skills Development through the Apprenticeship Branch is responsible for registering apprentices, counselling apprentices and employers and monitoring training.

Block Release Program

The block release program provides in-school (trade school) classroom instruction offered at a college or approved training delivery agent to apprentices on leave from their jobs. The duration of in-school training is between 8 to 12 weeks.

Certificate of Apprenticeship

A certificate issued by the Director of the Ministry of Advanced Education and Skills Development acknowledging an apprentice’s completion of an approved apprenticeship program.

Certificate of Qualification

A certificate issued by the Director of the Ministry of Advanced Education and Skills Development  to a person who has successfully challenged the qualification exam for certification in a skilled trade. Seventy percent is required to earn what is commonly referred to as a ticket or license.

Day Release Program

A day release program provides apprentices with part-time (one or two days a week) in-school training, at a community college or other approved training delivery agency. Apprentices who attend are on leave from their jobs.

In-School Training (Trade School)

Classroom training which focuses on the theoretical components of an apprenticeship consisting of between 10 to 20 % of an apprentice’s training program. The curriculum standard outlines the learning outcomes.

In-school training is delivered away from the job site usually at a community college. In- school training can also take place at an approved training centre.

In-school training is offered as a day release or block release.



The assessment of an apprentice’s progress is conducted by Ministry of Advanced Education and Skills Development training consultants in the workplace in accordance with prescribed standards or training plans.

On-the Job Training

On-the-job training refers to practical training that takes place at the work site comprising 80 to 90% of an apprentice’s apprenticeship program.

Ontario College of Trades

A regulatory body in place to modernize the province’s apprenticeship and skilled trades system; arms length from the government; responsible for setting out policies and procedures for the trades.

Red Seal

The Red Seal (Inter Provincial Standards Program) allows skilled workers to work in other provinces and ensures their skills are recognized throughout Canada.


Skilled Trades

There are over 150 skilled trades. These trades fall under Motive Power Trades, Service Industry Trades, Industrial Trades and Construction Trades.

Trades are either compulsory or voluntary.


A sponsor enters into a registered training agreement which ensures that the apprentice is provided with workplace-based training in a trade as part of an apprenticeship program.

The sponsor of an apprentice is required to:

  • Follow industry guidelines
  • Ensure trade specific training standards are followed
  • Ensure the trainer is qualified to train the apprentice
  • Ensure the training site can accommodate the training
  • Ensure competencies (skill sets) achieved by the apprentice are signed off
  • Provide Ministry access for the purposes of monitoring the progress of the apprentice
  • Advise the Ministry of Advanced Education and Skills Development of any changes that may affect the status of the sponsorship


Trade Certification

To be certified in Ontario requires a Certificate of Qualification.

Certification indicates that the holder has met the standards set out by industry and the Ministry of Advanced Education and Skills Development for a skilled trade.

The Certificate of Qualification indicates that the holder has the skills and the knowledge to perform the work associated with the trade.


A trainer is a qualified person (journey person) who directly participates in the training, supervision and evaluation of the apprentice.


Training Standard/Schedule of Training

A document that lists the skills involved in a skilled occupation. Apprentices and supervisors refer to this document as a guideline to cover the training requirements of a skilled trade.

The training standard and the schedule of training shows record of the progress of an apprentice’s on the job training and lists trade related skills. Supervisors sign off the skills that an apprentice demonstrates proficiency in. These skills are in accordance with industry standards.

Voluntary Trade

A voluntary trade is a skilled trade that does not require workers to hold a Certificate of Qualification.

Labour Market

Red Seal Program (Interprovincial Standards Program)

What is the Red Seal Program?   

The Red Seal Program also known as the Interprovincial Standards Program is in place to provide skilled trades people with greater mobility throughout Canada.  The Red Seal Program encourages the standardization of Provincial/Territorial training and certification programs.

How does a person obtain a “Red Seal”?

This seal can be obtained by graduating from a recognized Provincial or Territorial apprenticeship program or by obtaining a journey level Certificate of Qualification and by passing the Interprovincial Standards Examination.

For further information visit www.red-seal.ca

Course Requirements

OYAP students follow all co-operative education course requirements which include:

Pre-placement orientation, independent student projects, in-class assignments, reflective learning, integration of classroom, workplace learning, work experience placements, etc.

Credit Value 1

Pre-Placement: 15 to 20 hours
Integration: 7 hours
Placement: 83 to 88 hours
Total Hours: 110 hours

Credit Value 2
Pre-Placement: 15 to 20 hours
Integration: 14 hours
Placement: 186 to 191 hours
Total Hours: 220 hours

Credit Value 4
Pre-Placement: 15 to 20 hours
Integration: 28 hours
Placement: 392 to 397 hours
Total Hours: 440 hours




Student Testimonials

Words of Wisdom from OYAP students and graduates!

OYAP gives young people a great jump-start on a career in the trades.” – Sean McKay, Lively SS

OYAP has substantially increased my mechanical knowledge.” – Cale Predon, CVDCS

Because of the mix of on-job training and the theoretical parts, I have become a better mechanic.” – Devon McClosky, Lively DSS

I really like the in-school training. The work is great…. Lots and lots of hands-on training. Overall, just a great time!” – Chris Jones, Confederation SS

OYAP has solidified my career choice.” – Devyn Maslakewycz, Lasalle SS

I have thoroughly enjoyed this OYAP experience and would recommend this program to anyone who is serious about getting into the trades.” – Mike Reilly, Lasalle SS

OYAP is a good way to jump-start a career in the skilled trades.” – Anonymous

You can’t buy experience.” – Anonymous

OYAP is an excellent way to start young and gain experience. Most of all, it’s an excellent way to make a name for yourself.” – Anonymous

I can’t believe I’m learning a trade at my age.” – Anonymous

This is what I really want to do and I love what I’m doing.” – Anonymous

OYAP has provided me with the opportunity to get hands on experience and has given me the chance to begin a career that I love.” – Anonymous

I have learned a lot through my place with OYAP. People should try this. It was a good experience for me. This is a good way to develop skills in trades.” – Anonymous

You can only learn so much from an apprenticeship. It’s a form of education but in the workplace.” – Anonymous

I’m very happy with what I have chosen in my life (OYAP).” – Anonymous

OYAP gives our young people an opportunity to accelerate their goals, experiences and future dreams. It also provides employers with people who are interested in a career definitely a win-win situation.” – Anonymous

Training tomorrow’s gold collar workers through OYAP provides Rainbow students with a career advantage.” – Anonymous

Participation in OYAP has given me great joy. Thank you OYAP!” – Anonymous

Employer Testimonials

OYAP is a unique and exciting program that offers further flexibility for young people in acquiring their early childhood education.” – Walden Daycare Centre

We at Lou’s Body Shop found the OYAP program to be both beneficial and rewarding. It gave us the opportunity to introduce a student to a trade which he may have never considered in this computer age. The demand for trades people is high and will only rise.” – Lou’s Body Shop

We at Regent Carstar Collision have had a prosperous experience with the OYAP Program. The program gave an OYAP student a chance to enrich his auto body knowledge. At the same time he was very productive for our company. The cooperation from the staff in charge of the program was exceptional which resulted in an opportunity for the student to become a full time employee as an automotive and collision damage repairer.” – Regent Carstar Collision

OYAP gives our young people an opportunity to accelerate their goals, experiences and future dreams. It also provides employers with people who are interested in a career definitely a win-win situation.” – Former Four Points Hotel

As a parent and an employer I can honestly say that my son would not be where his is today if it were not for OYAP. OYAP has kept him in school, has given him a purpose and career direction and has made a tremendous difference in his life. We cannot say enough about OYAP. His transformation is amazing. Our son is now an OYAP Ambassador who has a career he can look forward to. He is currently completing the level one in-school training in welding at Cambrian College. We are extremely thankful to OYAP for making a tremendous difference in his life.” – Hardrock Mining

Parent Testimonials

Apprenticeship Information Websites

Information on apprenticeships, descriptions of skilled trades, testimonials, links and news paper articles.

Apprenticeship Ontario

Apprenticeship Scholarship & Signing Bonus

Apprenticeship Subject Pathways

Apprenticeship Training Tax Credit
Ministry of Finance

Apprenticeship in Canada

Apprentice Trades



Canadian Apprenticeship Forum

Canadian Automotive Repair/Service

Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety

Canadian Council of Technicians and Technologists 

Canadian Electrical Contractors Assoc 

Canadian Electricity Association

Canadian Institute Plumbing & Heating


Canadian University & College Programs 

Canadian Welding Bureau


Career Cruising

Career Matters

Career Profiles


Careers in Construction

Careers In Trades


Electrical Contractors Association

Focus on Apprenticeship – For a free copy of this guide visit

Go To College Web Site

Job Bank

Job Connect Cambrian College


Job Connect College Boreal

Job Search Guides – (no charge) The Edge on Finding and Keeping a Job  – And Finally I Did Get A Job

HRDC Canada-wide site
Industry Canada

HRSDC (Federal)


Job Futures 2000


Made With the Trades

Make the Skills Connection


Mechanical Contractors Association


Ministry of Labour – Ontario

Monster.ca Jobs

National Occupational Classification (NOC)

NORCAT (Northern Centre for Advanced Technology Inc)

Ontario College of Trades

Ontario Job Futures

Ontario Ministry of Advanced Education and Skills Development

Ontario Ministry of Labour

Ontario Skills Passport

Ontario WorkInfoNet

Ontario Youth Apprenticeship Program

Overview-Apprenticeship Areas


Red Seal – Interprovincial Standards for skilled trades

School Finder


Skills Canada-Ontario

Ministry of Education

Skills Ontario


Sudbury & District Home Builders’ Association

Sudbury & Manitoulin Workforce Planning Board



What Colour Is Your Parachute? – Job Hunter’s Bible

WISE Sudbury (Career Website)

Work Smart…Live Safe…Work Smart!

WorkinfoNet (WIN)

Workopolis – Find your next job

YMCA Employment and Career Services – Summer Job Service

Workplace Safety


Contact Us

Co-op/OYAP Office
Ontario Youth Apprenticeship Program

Contact a school nearest you to reach a co-op teacher

Barrydowne College
1400 Barrydowne Road, Sudbury

Chelmsford Valley District Composite School

Confederation Secondary School

Espanola High

Lasalle Secondary School

Lively Secondary School

Lo-Ellen Park Secondary School

Lockerby Composite School

Manitoulin Secondary School

Sudbury Secondary School